Career Pathways

After pursuing courses in agriculture field, the students can apply for jobs in government as well as in private organizations. There are various job opportunities are available for agriculture graduate aspirants. Agriculture field offers job opportunities in horticulture, poultry farming, plant science, soil science, food science, animal science, etc. They can find research-oriented jobs or marketing jobs in these organizations. They can be appointed in National Agricultural Research System (NARS) including ICAR and different laboratories under Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) which focus on agricultural research. They can also teach in different colleges or universities after qualifying the NET exam. They can also get into the agricultural department of the government after qualifying the concerned exam. Several agricultural research institutes under government are also recruiting these graduates for the post of agricultural scientist. These graduates can work as plant protection specialists in various plant quarantine stations. Some of the other agricultural activities that give attractive returns are horticulture, dairying & poultry farming. As a landscapers and horticultures one can get employed in hotels, health farms, resorts, etc.

Self employment opportunities are also available in this field. After completing graduation in this field and with some experience, they can apply for various posts available in National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). They can also be employed as agricultural managers/inspectors in farm-related organizations, agro-industries, food-processing unit, dairy fields, NGO's and breeding centers. They can also set up their own business in the primary economic sector such as farming, plantations, fisheries, mining, cattle rearing, poultry farming, etc.

After completing postgraduate degree in agriculture, candidates can work as a supervisors, distributors, researcher & engineer.

Employment Sectors

  • Central and State Government Ministries and Departments
  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research
  • Agricultural universities and various agricultural service organizations
  • National Seeds Corporation Limited
  • State Farms Corporation of India                                                                                                                                         
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendras
  • Agriculture/Dairy/Fertilizer industries
  • Academic Institutions
  • Food Processing Units/Agricultural Products Marketing firms
  • Nationalized Banks and Rural Banks
  • Private jobs ( NGOs) , marketing and sales executives in different agro-based industries
  • Farm Input delivery centres such as Agri Clinics, Seed/pesticides/fertilizer dealerships/shops.

A degree from agriculture enables the students to pursue a meaningful career or continue their education in professional school. The degree gives the students the knowledge and skills to either manage agricultural teaching, research or businesses or work in the areas of agricultural sales, marketing, food production and agricultural journalism. Opportunity awaits the students in one of the many career paths below.

1. Science and Engineering

Agriculture being the backbone of Indian economy, agricultural scientists are necessary to help solve problems involving food quality, safety, technology and abundance. The students can find following careers in research, teaching and extension following careers

State Agricultural Universities/ICAR Institutes

  • Research- Agronomist/ Food Scientist/Entomologist/Plant Pathologist/Plant Breeder/Biotechnologist, Agricultural Research Scientist/Research Associates/Young professionals
  • Teaching- Assistant Professor, Assistant Scientist
  • Agricultural Extension- Extension specialist, Subject Matter experts, Food Scientist
  • Engineering- Irrigation Engineer/Watershed Scientist/ Assistant Engineer

State Agricultural and other line departments

  • Horticulture Officer, Agricultural Development Officer, Soil Conservation Officer, Rural Agriculture Extension Officer,

2. Agribusiness/Food production

Job opportunities in fresh, locally grown food production, poultry and swine production, crop production, forest management, and precision agriculture are growing. These agribusinesses need researchers, inspectors, quality assurance and more. Other business opportunities in agriculture include sales, marketing, commodities trading, farm management and policy analysis.The students get following opportunities

  • Seed production manager
  • Poultry Production Manager
  • Precision Agricultural Specialist
  • Fruit and Vegetable Grower
  • Forest Manager/Crop management consultant
  • Organic Crops Grower
  • Aquaculturist

3. Banking sector

Banks and credit agencies that lend to agribusinesses hire loan officers, credit analysts and appraisers, and agriculture-oriented companies need accountants. They work in the domain of agriculture related financing business like Crop loans, tractor loans, financing of priority sector categories under NABARD schemes.Banks in India recruit BSc Graduates under Specialist Officers Cadre. Other opportunities are:

  • Agriculture Field Officer
  • Assistant Manager
  • Probationary Officer
  • Agriculture Officer
  • Relationship manager
  • Agriculture Loan Officer (in Banks)

4. Horticulture

Commercial and residential landscapers and nurseries need agriculture managers for a variety of jobs, including plant production and therapy, garden design, arboriculture, management and sales. Potential employers include wholesale growers, botanical gardens, arboretums, universities and landscaping firms. A minor in business helps agriculture majors who want to manage nurseries or landscaping operations, and skills with speaking, writing and photography are important for working with the public. Following jobs are there in this sector:

  • Technical Assistant / Technical Officers
  • Project Manager
  • Horticulturist
  • Horticultural Education Supervisor
  • Assistant Manager
  • Landscape manager
  • Farm manager

5. Agricultural Journalism

Communication jobs are essential to provide critical information to producers and consumers of the industry. Government agricultural agencies maintain the industry policies and legislation to ensure they remain effective and up to date.

  • Technical Writer
  • Agricultural Media Specialist
  • Food and Agricultural Science Editor
  • Agricultural Event and Meeting Planner
  • Magazine journalist
  • Newspaper journalist

6. Marketing pathways

For the marketing of products and services to consumers and clients through the development of campaigns, and coordination throughout the different business functions is necessary for improving marketing functions of a commodity. Conducting research to determine new markets and how well products are satisfying current markets, seeking customers for produce in new areas, maintaining relationships with current customers, meeting with farmers, consumers, agribusiness leaders, and media members are all required in this filed. The students can seek following roles:

  • Agriculture Sales officers
  • Sales Managers
  • Agriculture Area Managers and Marketing officers
  • Senior Sales Executive
  • Development Officer
  • Sales Trainee

7. Higher Studies

Students with an undergraduate degree in agriculture also have the educational foundation for an advanced degree in business management or specialization in agriculture related fields through various scholarship schemes:

  • ICAR’s  common entrance tests for 25 percent seats in CAUs and 15 percent seats in SAUs  including  meritorious students for Senior Research Fellowships
  • BHU Entrance examination
  • AMU Entrance examination for agriculture faculties & ABM
  • Visva Bharti University (CU)-25 percent seats
  • JNU Entrance test for MSc Agri Biotechnology and MVSc-12 Universities
  • SAUs Entrance examination (85 percent of the seats)
  •  MS in foreign Universities
  • Traditional Universities having agri faculties & Private Universities
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