B.Sc (Agriculture) first year students of School of Agricultural Sciences, GD Goenka University visited Indian Institute of Maize Research (IIMR),ICAR, Pusa Campus, Delhi on 26th and 27th Nov, 2018.
The purpose of this visit was to enable students to relate their theoretical knowledge with the practical exposure which they gained after visiting this plant. During this visit the students were exposed to biotechnology tools and techniques being used in molecular breeding of crops, concept of crop production under controlled environmental conditions and concept of hydroponics.
The ICAR-Indian Institute of Maize Research (IIMR) is the institution in India, exclusively mandated to carry out basic, strategic and applied research aimed at enhancing production, productivity and sustainability of Maize. The technology developed at the institute has resulted in manifold increase in area, productivity and climate resilience of this crop since the establishment of institute as AICRP (All India Cooperative Research Project on Maize) in 1957.
The objective was to provide students an understanding about biotechnology tools and techniques being used in molecular breeding of crops. To make students aware and get better understanding of the molecular processes, the first session was taken by Dr. Chikkappa G Karjagi, Scientist (Maize Breeding). He presented an overview of maize research over the years and highlighted the importance of climate resilience in maize based cropping system through novel breeding techniques. He discussed multidisciplinary and multi-location research trials of maize to identify appropriate technologies for varied agro-climatic conditions of India. In another session, Dr. Krishan Kumar introduced the students with molecular techniques of maize breeding and explained working of Thermocycler, Autoclave, Agro Gel Electrophoresis and UV Spectrophotometer. The students were also acquainted with tissue culture techniques and gene transfer methods being used in maize. To equip the students with concept of crop production under controlled environmental conditions, the students were taken to glass houseThe experimental trials of herbicide resistance in tobacco plants and screening of maize for growth in nutrient deficient soils were explained in this session. The concept of hydroponics were also explained to the students.